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AMD Is Bringing Threadripper Professional, Eight-Channel Motherboards to Market

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AMD will deliver its eight-channel Threadripper Professional methods to the retail market, opening up the section. Beforehand, the eight-channel Threadripper Professional variant was solely obtainable to OEMs (we’ve received a evaluation approaching certainly one of these Lenovo methods, with comparability towards the 3990X).

AMD’s Threadripper and Threadripper Professional platforms are each designed for professionals who want extra horsepower than a typical desktop platform can present. The place AMD’s top-end Ryzen 9 5950X provides 16 cores, a TR or TR Professional system can pack as many as 64. Moreover, Threadripper Professional makes use of the WRX80 chipset, which packs as much as eight reminiscence channels (common TR tops out at 4):

A number of motherboard producers are bringing boards to market to help the brand new CPU. The Supermicro M12SWA-TF is an E-ATX motherboard with no fewer than six full-sized PCIe four.zero slots, 4 PCIe four.zero M.2 slots, and a pair of U.2 slots. The M.2 slots help RAID zero, 1, and 5, whereas the U.2 help RAID zero and 1. There’s additionally an ASpeed AST2600 BMC controller for IPMI (Clever Platform Administration Interface) entry.

Supermicro-TRPro-Feature

The Supermicro M12SWA-TF, additionally proven above.

The board is able to supporting both three dual-slot or two triple-slot GPUs. The again panel reveals an array of USB three.2 Gen 2, USB three.2 Gen 1, twin ethernet, and an ALC4050 HD sound resolution from Realtek, alongside an ALC1220. The ethernet ports are pushed by an Aquantia AQC113C (10GbE) and an Intel I120-AT (2.5GbE).

There are additionally boards coming from Asus and Gigabyte, however since we don’t have any data on these however leaks, so we’ll chorus from commentary for now. AMD has not but introduced any Threadripper CPUs powered by the Ryzen 5000 collection, however such CPUs will probably arrive later within the yr when Milan is prepared. Traditionally, AMD tends to refresh its server platform earlier than it launches new Threadripper chips. We don’t anticipate increased core counts this yr, however we’ll get the complete good thing about Zen three’s 1.19x IPC enchancment after they do. Meantime, in the event you’ve received a workload you already know can profit from extra reminiscence channels than a normal Threadripper provides, Threadripper Professional shall be obtainable within the retail channel later this yr.

We don’t discuss concerning the workstation market as separate from desktop, as a result of it’s tougher to get numbers damaged out particularly on this space. The truth that Intel minimize its Cascade Lake Xeon costs again in 2019 after a number of years of standing agency within the face of Threadripper’s upping of the ante prompt that the chip large had develop into extra involved about its aggressive standing. General desktop gross sales dropped sharply in 2020 as shipments each boomed and shifted in the direction of laptops, so it’s not clear how this has impacted the general workstation house.

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On October 25, Apple will release iOS 15.1 and iPadOS 15.1. What we know so far

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Apple released important updates for iOS 15 and iPadOS 15 on Tuesday, to address several issues and a severe security hole affecting the two platforms. Now, according to reports, Apple is working on iOS 15.1 and iPadOS 15.1 builds for iPhone, iPod touch, and iPads.

Also, Twitter user named RobertCFO received confirmation from an Apple Product Security Team member about the final build’s release date. On October 25th, according to a leaked email that was then deleted from Twitter, iOS 15.1 and iPadOS 15.1 will be released, a week after Apple holds its conference.

This follows Apple’s general software upgrade policy, which is to release new updates a week after its events.

SharePlay, which allows you to remotely watch and listen to streaming material with your friends via FaceTime, ProRes video support, as well as Covid-19 vaccination document support in the Wallet app, are all expected features of iOS 15.1.

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PSA: Mining Chia on an SSD Will Completely Wreck It in No Time Flat

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When SSDs first started transport in shopper merchandise, there have been comprehensible issues about their longevity. Time, steadily enhancing manufacturing methods, and a few low-level OS enhancements have all contributed to solid-state storage’s popularity for sturdiness. With experiences praising SSDs as provisionally extra dependable than arduous drives even beneath heavy utilization, it’s straightforward to see how individuals may not see the brand new Chia cryptocurrency as a serious trigger for concern.

It’s. Chia is first plotted after which farmed, and whereas farming Chia takes little or no in the way in which of processing sources, plotting it should completely hammer an SSD.

It’s been years since we talked about write amplification, but it surely’s a difficulty that impacts all NAND flash storage. NAND is written in 4KB pages and erased in 256KB blocks. If 8KB of information must be changed out of a 256KB block, the drive might want to learn the unique 256KB block, replace it, write the brand new block to a unique location on the drive, after which erase the earlier block.

Write amplification has been an issue for NAND for the reason that starting and a substantial amount of work has gone into addressing these issues, however Chia represents one thing of a worst-case situation. Right here’s an excerpt from a latest Chia blog post:

Producing plot recordsdata is a course of known as plotting, which requires short-term space for storing, compute and reminiscence to create, kind, and compress the information into the ultimate file. This course of takes an estimated 256.6GB of short-term house, very generally saved on SSDs to hurry up the method, and roughly 1.3TiB of writes in the course of the creation.

The ultimate plot created by the method described above is simply 101.3GB. There seems to be an order of magnitude of distinction between the full quantity of drive writes required to create a Chia plot and the storage capability mentioned plot requires when accomplished.

Motherboard producers have gotten in on the motion, with one Chia-compliant board providing 32 SATA backplanes.

Right here’s what this boils right down to: A number of shopper SSDs are actually unhealthy decisions for mining Chia. TLC drives with SLC / MLC caches will not be really useful as a result of they provide poor efficiency. Low-end and midrange shopper drives will not be really useful, as a result of they don’t provide excessive sufficient endurance. It’s important to watch out through which SKUs you buy and enterprise and enterprise drives are extra extremely really useful normally.

Don’t purchase a QLC drive to mine Chia.

Optane would appear to be a near-perfect match for Chia, given its a lot greater endurance, however I can’t discover any data on whether or not individuals have tried deploying it in massive sufficient numbers to have some concept of what efficiency and endurance seem like beneath the 24/7 load Chia plotters are placing on their hardware. Possibly any individual will put a rig collectively utilizing it, as a lot out of curiosity as the rest.

Past that, ExtremeTech recommends customers not try and plot Chia on any SSD they aren’t snug with dropping, and to not purchase an SSD for the aim until you don’t thoughts throwing it away if it dies far more rapidly than anticipated. Chia plotting is a worst-case situation for SSD longevity and it needs to be handled as such.

One notice of fine information: To this point, Chia mining has had a a lot stronger affect on high-capacity arduous drive costs than on SSDs and smaller drives. Hopefully, this continues to be the case.

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Microsoft adapts OpenAI’s GPT-Three pure language expertise to mechanically write code

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Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella introduces the brand new GPT-Three integration into Energy Apps in a recorded keynote tackle for the corporate’s digital Construct convention.

Microsoft unveiled new tools for automatically generating computer code and formulation on Tuesday morning, in a brand new adaptation of the GPT-Three natural-language expertise extra generally identified for replicating human language.

The aptitude, to be supplied as a part of Microsoft’s Power Platform, is among the fruits of the corporate’s partnership with OpenAI, the San Francisco-based synthetic intelligence firm behind GPT-Three. Microsoft invested $1 billion in OpenAI in 2019.

“The code writes itself,” stated Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella, saying the information in a recorded keynote tackle to open the corporate’s Build developer conference.

The characteristic is named Power Apps Ideas. It’s a part of a broader push by Microsoft and different expertise corporations to make software program growth extra accessible to non-developers, often called low-code or no-code growth.

Microsoft fine-tuned GPT-Three to “leverage the mannequin’s current strengths in pure language enter to offer Energy Apps makers the power to explain logic similar to they’d to a good friend or co-worker, and find yourself with the suitable system for his or her app,” says Ryan Cunningham of the Energy Apps staff in a publish describing the way it works.

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